The Role of Italian Periods of Maksym Berezovsky’s Life and Creativity in the Formation of Individual Musical Style

Olga Shumilina


Relevance of the study. The periods of life-creativity of Maxim Berezovsky, connected with his stay in Italy, are studied. It turns out that there were two of such periods, although only one Bolognian is commonly known. The educational purpose of the Italian travels of M. Berezovsky is mentioned, their influence on the formation of the professional skill of a talented artist in the field of instrumental performances and composer creativity.

The purpose of our article is to study the processes of forming the professional skill of M. Berezovsky in the performing and composing industry, which affected the formation of an individual musical style, and the clarification of the role of the Italian periods in this process.

Methodology. The analysis of events is made on the basis of information from the lifelong documentary sources, the correct reading of which sheds light on the true scenario of the lifecreativity of M. Berezovsky. It is noted that the events of the two Italian internships fit in with the new biographical scenario and explain its individual details.

Results. It turns out that the first stay in Italy served as an accelerated growth of the performing arts of M. Berezovsky as a musician-instrumentalist, which affected his career at the court orchestras of St. Petersburg. It also appears that the formation and bright manifestation of the individual musical style in the field of spiritual music takes place before the beginning of the professional training sessions in Bologna, and that during the Bologna training, the artist mastered and perfected the Italian way of writing secular music. Substantiated evidences of the creation of a spiritual concert “Ne otverzhi mene vo vremia starosti” are provided in the last years of life, at the peak of professional maturity, and during the first Petersburg period until 1769, when M. Berezovsky was at a young age, and worked in orchestras of St. Petersburg.

Conclusions. Prospects for further study of a specified topic are the search for life documents with information on the creativity of M. Berezovsky and in a detailed study of the origins of the composer style of the artist in terms of the influences of creativity mentioned in the article by B. Galuppi, as well as composer A. Rachinsky — one of the first authors of spiritual concerts of a new style, with which the young M. Berezovsky contacted in Hlukhiv before he got to Petersburg.


creativity of Maxim Berezovsky; Italian internship; chamber musician; individual musical style; concert “Ne otverzhi”


Berezovchuk, L. N. (1998). The court orchestra. Musical Petersburg. Encyclopedic Dictionary. Vol I: 18th century. [XVIII vek]. Book. 2 (K–P) [Pridvornyy orkestr. Muzykal'nyy Peterburg. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar']. Saint Petersburg, рр. 413–420 [in Russian].

Bolkhovitinov, Y. (1805). Berezovsky. Friend of Enlightenment [Berezovsky. Drug prosveshcheniya]. Saint Petersburg, рр. 224–225 [in Russian]

Ivchenko, L. V. (2004). Reconstruction of the musical collection of Count K. Rozumovsky for catalogs of the eighteenth century [Rekonstruktsiya notnoyi kolektsiyi hrafa K. H. Rozumovsʹkoho za katalohamy XXVIII storichchya]. Kyiv. 642 p. [in Ukrainian].

Rytsareva, M. G. (1983). Composer M. S. Berezovsky: Life and work [Kompozitor M. S. Berezovskiy: Zhizn' i tvorchestvo]. Leningrad, pp. 74–75 [in Russian]

Rytsareva, M. G. (2013). Maxim Berezovsky: The life and work of the composer [Maksim Berezovskiy: Zhizn' i tvorchestvo kompozitora]. Saint Petersburg, pp. 94–95 [in Russian].

Shtelin, Y. (1935). Music and ballet in Russia of the XVIII century. [Muzyka i balet v Rossii XVIII veka]. Leningrad. 191 p. [in Russian].

Shumilina, O. (2018). Myths about Maxim Berezovsky: the causes of the appearance and the ways of overcoming [Mify o Maksime Berezovskom: prichiny poyavleniya i puti preodoleniya]. Bulletin of musical science. Quarterly specialized journal of the Novosibirsk State Conservatory named after M. I. Glinka, No. 1 (19) Vestnik muzykal'noy nauki. Yezhekvartal'nyy spetsializirovannyy zhurnal Novosibirskiy gosudarstvennoy konservatorii imeni M. I. Glinki], Issue 1 (19). Novosibirsk, pp. 12–19 [in Russian]

Shumilina, O. (2018). Reconstruction of the biographical scenario of Maxim Berezovsky's life-creativity in the light of the basic provisions of the concept of age-old musicology N. Savitskaya. Ukrainian music. Number 3 (29) [Rekonstrukciya biografichnogo scenariyu zhy’ttyetvorchosti Maksyma Berezovs’kogo u svitli osnovnykh polozhen’ koncepciyi vikovogo muzykoznavstva N. Savycz’koyi. Ukrayins’ka muzyka]. Lviv, pp. 21–28 [in Ukrainian]

Yurchenko, M. (1989). Maksim Berezovsky in Italy [Maksym Berezovsʹkyy v Italiyi] Ukrainian musical heritage: Articles. Materials Documents [Ukrayinsʹka muzychna spadshchyna: Statti. Materialy. Dokumenty]. Vol. 1. Kyiv : Muzychna Ukrayina, pp. 67–79 [in Ukrainian].

Mooser, R.-A. (1951). Annals of music and musicians in Russia in the eighteenth century. Flight. 2: The glorious era of Catherine II: period 1762–1796. [Annales de la musique et des musiciens en Russie au XVIIIe siècle. Vol. 2: L'époque glorieuse de Catherine II: période 1762–1796]. Geneva: Ed. Of Mont Blanc. [in French].

Padre Martini's collection of letters in the Civico museo bibliografico musicale in Bologna: an annotated index (1979). New York: Pendragon Press. [in English].

GOST Style Citations

Березовчук Л. Н. Придворный оркестр // Музыкальный Петербург. Энциклопедический словарь. Т. I : XVIII век. Кн. 2 (К–П). Санкт-Петербург : Композитор, 1998. С. 413–420.

Болховитинов Е. Березовский // Друг просвещения. Санкт-Петербург, 1805. Июнь. С. 224–225.

Івченко Л. В. Реконструкція нотної колекції графа К. Г. Розумовського за каталогами ХVIII сторіччя. Київ, 2004. 642 с.

Рыцарева М. Композитор М. С. Березовский: Жизнь и творчество. Ленинград : Музыка, 1983. С. 74–75.

Рыцарева М. Максим Березовский: Жизнь и творчество композитора. Санкт-Петербург : Композитор — Санкт-Петербург, 2013. С. 94–95.

Штелин Я. Музыка и балет в России ХVIII века / пер. с нем. и вступ. ст. Б. И. Загурского; под ред. и с предисл. Б. В. Асафьева. Ленинград : Тритон, 1935. 191 с.

Шумилина О. Мифы о Максиме Березовском: причины появления и пути преодоления // Вестник музыкальной науки. Ежеквартальный специализированный журнал Новосибирский государственной консерватории имени М. И. Глинки. Новосибирск, 2018. No 1 (19). С. 12–19.

Шуміліна О. Реконструкція біографічного сценарію життєтворчості М. Березовського у світлі основних положень концепції вікового музикознавства Н. Савицької // Українська музика. Науковий часопис ЛНМА імені М. В. Лисенка. Львів, 2018. Число 3 (29). С. 21–28.

Юрченко М. Максим Березовський в Італії // Українська музична спадщина. Статті. Матеріали. Документи. Київ : Муз. Україна, 1989. Вип. 1. С. 67–79.

Mooser R.-A. Annales de la musique et des musiciens en Russie au XVIIIe siècle. Vol. 2: L'époque glorieuse de Catherine II: période 1762–1796. Genève: Ed. du Mont-Blanc, 1951. 680 p.

Padre Martini's collection of letters in the Civico museo bibliografico musicale in Bologna: an annotated index / Anne Schnoebelen. New York: Pendragon Press, 1979. 721 р.

ISSN 2522-4190 (print)
ISSN 2522-4204 (online)