Yakiv Yatsynevych: New Look at the Periodization of Life Creation





Yakiv Yatsynevych life-creation, archive materials, periodization criteria, genre dynamics of compositional creativity


Relevance of research. Reconstruction of life-creation of a little-investigated Ukrainian composer Yakiv Yatsynevych is a troublesome process that demands enormous efforts. The works of T. Filenko, O. Semirozum, L. Korniy, and other researchers do not propose a solution to the problem of periodization. In this regard, it’s necessary not only to continue the studying of bibliographical events, facts and even decennaries of Y. Yatsynevych life, that were ignored by scientists’ focus, including the compositor’s music heritage in different genres, but also to generalize already gained finds of musicologists aside with own elaborations in this monographic theme.

Objective of the research is to form the periodization if the artist’s life- creation on the bases of earlier unknown materials from archives in Kyiv, taking into account the external and internal factors. During the fulfillment of the mentioned tasks such methods of investigation were used: source study (search of documents in the archives of Kyiv), systematization (division and classification of founded materials), historical-chronological (streamlining and reconstruction of the compositor’s biographical way), analysis (music works studying), synthesis (joining of gained knowledges), generalization (periodization forming).

Scientific novelty consists in the fact that the periodization of Y. Yatsynevych life-creation is formed in the Ukrainian musicology for the first time. Periodization is based on the author’s investigations of bibliographical documents and composer’s music heritage materials in eight volumes in Kyiv archives collected over many years.

Research results and perspectives. Taking into consideration biological, chronological, social, psychological and creative age of Y. Yatsynevych, and also artist’s sociocultural, historicalpolitical peculiarities, geographical place of residence, genre diversity of his music, the universal periodization of Y. Yatsynevych life-creation is formed.

  1. Early Period, up to 1905 (formation of the basis of composer’s creativeness, relatively uncomplicated music, narrow circle of genres):
    1. First Phase, up to 1900 (childhood and youth years in Bila Tserkva, period of study in Kyiv, formation as conductor and composer, Kyiv artistic environment influence, music works are not preserved).
    2. Second Phase, 1900–1904 (exercising piano music, active music work in Kyiv).
  2. Crisis of Middle Age in Composer’s Art, 1905–1915 (absence of qualitative musical works, conducting activities, non-musical work at public offices). 
  3. Adult Period, 1915–1930 (complication of music language and genre system, exercising of chamber and amplitudinous forms, the top of composer’s creativity, embraces work in Kyiv and Odessa):
    1. First Phase, 1915–1925 (fruitful activity in artistic and church life of Kyiv, collecting of folklore material, choir music domination, repertoire expansion of piano works and instrumental ensembles).
    2. Second Phase, 1925–1930 (heading of the artistic life of Odessa, appearing of chambervocal compositions, activation of new art genres: oratorio, opera, symphony, cinema music).
  4. Enforced Crisis, 1930–1940 (non-recognition of creativity, difficult social conditions, absolute efficiency to non-music work, creation of single music compositions).
  5. Late Period, 1940–1945 (post-crisis condition, pause of silence, deportation to Adyheia АR, decreasing of artistic activity, a little number of music works in big magazines).

Suggested periodization depicts the entire picture of Y. Yatsynevych life and creation and is the basis for further investigations of his music heritage.

Author Biography

Daryna Chamakhud, P. I. Tchaikovsky National Musical Academy of Ukraine

Postgraduate Student at the Department of History of Ukrainian Music and Musical Folkloristics


Bondarenko, A. (2019). Yakiv Yatsynevych 150 Anniversary — Founder of Ukrainian Ecclesiastical Music [150 rokiv Yakovu Yatsynevychu — fundatoru ukrainskoi dukhovnoi muzyky]. In: Ukrainian Interest [Ukrainskyi interes]. Available at: https://uain.press/blogs/150-rokivyakovu-yatsynevychu-fundatoru-ukrayinskoyi-duhovnoyi-muzyky-1107698 (accessed: 28.09.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Gobdych, M. (2006). From Author [Vid uporyadnyka]. In: Yatsynevych, Y. Spiritual Compositions [Yacynevych Ya. Duxovni tvory]. Chamber choir. “Kyiv”. Kyiv, рр. 4–5 [in Ukrainian].

Gusarchuk, T. (2011). Features of the Psychological Portrait of the Scientist [Rysy do psykholohichnoho portretu vchenoho]. In: Musical Ukrainian Studies: Modern Dimension [Muzychna ukrainistyka: suchasnyi vymir]. Rylsky Institute of Art Studies, Folklore and Ethnology. Kyiv, рр. 94–101 [in Ukrainian].

Gusarchuk, T. (2018). The Phenomenon of the Composer’s Creative Individuality in the Intonation Drama of Spiritual Works (on the Material of Ukrainian Musical Art) [Fenomen tvorchoi indyvidualnosti kompozytora v intonatsiinii dramaturhii dukhovnykh tvoriv (na materiali ukrainskoho muzychnoho mystetstva)]. Manuscript of Dissertation work for gaining the degree of the Doctor of Art Criticism by specialty 17.00.03 Music Art. Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine, Kyiv, 533 р. [in Ukrainian].

Zasadna, O. (2014). Ukrainian Church-Musical Creativity in 20’s of the 20th century: Genre Priorities and Stylistic Peculiarities (For Example, Works of Kyiv Choral School Composers) [Ukrayinska cerkovno-muzychna tvorchist’ 20-x rr. XX stolittya: zhanrovi priorytety ta stylistychni osoblyvosti (na prykladi dorobku kompozytoriv Kyyivskoyi xorovoyi shkoly)]. Manuscript of Dissertation work for gaining the degree of the Candidate of Art Criticism by specialty 17.00.03 Music Art. Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine. Kyiv, 216 р. [in Ukrainian].

Karas, G. (2012). Musical Culture of the Ukrainian Diaspora in the World Time Period of the 20th Century [Muzychna kultura ukrayinskoyi diaspory v svitovomu chasoprostori XX stolittya]. Ivano-Frankivsk: Tipovit. 1164 p. [in Ukrainian].

Kaufman, L. S. (1966). The Song Finds the Author [Pisnya znaxodyt avtora]. Kyiv: Tovarystvo «Znannia» URSR. 48 p. [in Ukrainian].

Klymchuk, K. (2019). A Year Long Way Home [Doroha dodomu dovzhynoiu u vik]. In: Time of Change Inform [Chas Zmin Inform]. Available at: http://www.chaszmin.info/дорогадодому-довжиною-у-вік/ (accessed: 2.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Korniy, L. Р. (1996, 1998, 2001). History of Ukrainian Music [Istoriia ukrainskoi muzyky]. G. Pivtorak (ed.). Vols. 1–3. Kyiv, Kharkiv, New York: M. P. Kots. 480 р. [in Ukrainian].

Korniy, L. (2006). Y. Yatsynevych. Returning From Oblivion [Ya. Yacynevych. Povernennya iz zabuttya]. In: Yatsynevych, Ya. Spiritual Compositions [Duxovni tvory]. Chamber choir. “Kyiv”. Kyiv, рр. 6–9 [in Ukrainian].

Kuzyk, V. (2019). Sorrowful Way of Music. To Yakiv Yatsynevych 150 Anniversary [Skorbnyi shliakh muzyky. Do 150-richchia Yakova Yatsynevycha]. In: Yatsynevych, Ya. Grieving Mother. Four-part Oratorio for Mixed Choir and Two Soprano-Solo Accompanied by Large Symphony Orchestra with Words by Pavlo Tychyna [Skorbna Maty. Oratoriia na chotyry chastyny dlia khoru, dvokh solistiv-soprano, orkestru (klavir). Poeziia Pavla Tychyny]. Rylsky Institute of Art Studies, Folklore and Ethnology. Kyiv, рр. 5–10 [in Ukrainian].

Savytska, N. (2010). The Age-old Aspects of Composer’s Life-Creativity [Vikovi aspekty kompozytorskoi zhyttietvorchosti]. Manuscript of Dissertation work for gaining the degree of the Doctor of Art Criticism by specialty 17.00.03 Music Art. Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine. Kyiv, 36 p. [in Ukrainian].

Savytska, N. (2011). The Age-Old Aspects of Composer’s Life-Creativity: Experience of Problem Conceptualization [Vikovi aspekty kompozytorskoi zhyttietvorchosti: dosvid kontseptualizatsii problemy]. In: Stauropean Philosophical Studies [Stavropihiiski filosofski studii]. Lviv Stavropigion University. Issue 5. Lviv, pp. 45–56 [in Ukrainian].

Savytska, N. (2006). Diachronic Aspect of the Composer’s Life. The Problem of Periodization [Diakhronnyi aspekt zhyttiediialnosti kompozytora. Problema periodyzatsii]. In: Kyiv musicology [Kyivske muzykoznavstvo]. Issue 20: Culturology and art history [Kulʹturolohiya ta mystetstvoznavstvo]. Kyiv, pp. 188–197 [in Ukrainian].

Savytska, N. (2008). Chronos of Composer’s Life [Khronos kompozytorskoi zhyttietvorchosti]. Lviv: Spolom, 320 р. [in Ukrainian].

Semyrozum, O. (2005). The Musical and Historical Sources for the Biography and Creative Activity of Y. M. Yatsynevych. Catalogue of Hand-Written and Printed Materials [Muzychnoistorychni dzherela do biografiyi ta tvorchoyi diyal’nosti Ya. M. Yacynevycha. Katalog rukopysnyx ta drukovanyx materialiv]. Graduate work (music art). Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine. Kyiv, 235 p. [in Ukrainian].

Solomonova, O. (2004). “And When a Face Laughs, the Mind Does not Have Fun With it…” (On the Genotype of Foolishness in the Life of D. Shostakovich) [«I kogda smeetsja lico — vmeste s nim ne veselitsja um…» (O genotipe jurodstva v zhiznetvorchestve D. Shostakovicha)]. In: Scientific herald of Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine [Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoi muzychnoi akademii Ukrainy imeni P. I. Chaikovskoho]. Issue 42: History of music: new facts and interpretations [Istoriia muzyky: novi fakty ta interpretatsii], pp. 171–186 [in Russian].

Solomonova, O. (2007). The Laughing World of Russian Musical Classics [Smehovoj mir russkoj muzykal’noj klasiki]. Manuscript of Dissertation work for gaining the degree of the Doctor of Art Criticism by specialty 17.00.03 Music Art. Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine. Kyiv, 436 p. [in Russian].

Filenko, T. (1995). From Archive of Composer and Conductor Y. M. Yatsynevych [Z arxivu kompozytora i dyrygenta Ya. M. Yacynevycha]. In: Ukrainian Music Archive [Ukrayinskyj muzychnyj arxiv]. Issue 1. Kyiv, рр. 189–214 [in Ukrainian].

Filenko, T. (1996). From Appleblossoming melody (the 50th Anniversary of the Death of Yakiv Yatsynevych) [Z yablunevoczvitnoyi melodiyi (Do 50-littya vid dnya smerti Yakova Yacy’nevy’cha)]. In: Almanac of the Ukrainian National Association [Almanax Ukrayinskogo narodnogo soyuzu]. Vol. 86. Jersey City, New York: Svoboda, рр. 175–184 [in Ukrainian].

Filenko, T. (1989). Undefeated by Discouragement [Ne zdolanyj zneviroyu]. In: Music [Muzyka]. No. 6, рр. 26–28 [in Ukrainian].

Xarchenko, O. (2013). Kyiv Concerts of Spiritual Music of the Late XIX — early 20th Centuries and Their Performers (Based on the Materials of the Kiev Press of 1900–1917) [Kyyivski koncerty duxovnoyi muzyky kincya XIX — pochatku XX stolit i yix vykonavci (za materialamy kyyivskoyi presy 1900–1917 rokiv)]. In: Art notes [Mystecztvoznavchi zapysky]. Issue 24, рр. 120–127 [in Ukrainian].

Chamakhud, D. (2021). Genre Palette of Music Heritage of Ukrainian Compositor Yakiv Yatsynevych [Zhanrova palitra muzychnoi spadshchyny ukrainskoho kompozytora Yakova Yatsynevycha]. In: Modern scientific research: achievements, innovations and development prospects: International scientific conference Riga (Latvia): Baltija Pablishing, pp. 59–63 [in Ukrainian].

Chernetsky, E. (2013). History of Bila Tserkva: Events, Figures, Life [Istoriia Biloi Tserkvy: podii, postati, zhyttia]. Bila Tserkva: Oleksandr Pshonkivskyi, 448 р. [in Ukrainian].

Chernetsky, E. (2001). Pedigree of Yakiv Yatsynevych [Rodovid Yakova Yatsynevycha]. In: The Way of Liberation [Vyzvolnyi shliakh]. Vol. 7 (640). Kyiv, London, pp. 69–85 [in Ukrainian].

Shvets-Savitska, N. (2001). Some Problems of Late Compositor’s Stile [Deiaki problemy piznoho kompozytorskoho styliu]. In: Scientific Collections of Lviv State Music Academy Named after M. V. Lysenkо [Naukovi zbirky Lvivskoi derzhavnoi muzychnoi akademii imeni M. V. Lysenka]. Issue 4. Lviv: Kameniar, рр. 5–22 [in Ukrainian].

Shcherbanyuk, I. (2013). Come, Let’s Worship [Pryydit’, poklonimos’]. In: Nadvirna Deanery of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church [Nadvirnyans’kyy Dekanat UHKTS]. Available at: http://cerkva.if.ua/index.php? (accessed: 2.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].